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Three Facts about Canadian Marijuana Legalization and Avoiding Legal Trouble

Last month, Canada legalized marijuana at the federal level. Although marijuana legalization was planned before Justin Trudeau took office — indeed, it was part of his campaign platform — it has taken years to put into action. One of Trudeau’s election promises was to legalize cannabis, saying it would reduce the estimated C$6 billion in profits bleeding into Canada’s black market, according to an article published in The Guardian. A Statistics Canada report released last year estimated that 4.9 million people used cannabis in a single year, including both medical and non-medical usage.


Not only is the Canadian marijuana legalization drawing attention across Canada, but it is also drawing jealous stares from those in U.S. states without current legalization. There are currently only ten U.S. states where marijuana is legal. They include: Alaska, California, Colorado, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Nevada, Oregon, Vermont and Washington, as well as Washington D.C. Currently, these states have legalized marijuana to varying degrees — keep in mind, however, that marijuana is still illegal at the federal level.


According to a Statista report, around 14.33 million U.S. citizens traveled to Canada last year. With this recent legalization, a potential rise in U.S.-Canada tourism would not be unexpected. However, for those U.S. citizens looking to visit Canada in pursuit of marijuana happiness, there are a few facts to know before leaving or reentering the U.S.


1. Contain Your Excitement


For U.S. citizens entering Canada, keep in mind that US Customs follows the rules laid down by the federal government, not by individual home state. Even if an individual’s state has legalized marijuana, denied entry is a possibility if Customs deems it so. For instance, if someone traveling from the U.S. to Canada to partake in the marijuana legalization speaks openly about it at the border, it may cause significant issues, such as barring for the day, or, in some cases, forever.


2. Leave It in Canada


U.S. citizens looking to pop up to Canada, buy some marijuana and come back to the U.S. again are completing a serious crime. Marijuana is still federally illegal in the U.S., despite what individual states say. Those caught at the border with any amount of marijuana may be subject to arrest and prosecution. According to an article in Global News, offenders can face a maximum of up to 14 years in Canadian prison for attempting to cross an international border with marijuana. Not to mention that once in the U.S., if found with marijuana — even if it was legal in Canada — the act of having it alone is illegal in some states. In this case, a person has broken criminal law and may be open to charges of possession. It is better all-around if U.S. citizens leave the marijuana in Canada.


3. Get Help


If you’ve been charged with possession, you need professional help. For instance, a possession law may penalize against using, possessing, having with intent to sell, producing, or transporting within or into a state. Possession of drug paraphernalia is also a common charge often associated with marijuana possession. Penalties vary state by state, with penalties usually divided by weight of the possession.


Criminal lawyers who specialize in marijuana law can aid you in navigating the legal process and help you make the best of your criminal law situation.


About Liz Coyle


Liz S. Coyle is the Director of Client Services for JacksonWhite Attorneys at Law. She also serves as a paralegal for the Family Law Department. She is responsible for internal and external communications for the firm.



Global News, “What Americans need to know about buying legal pot in Canada”

The Guardian, “Dazed and confused: Canada cannabis legalization brings complex new laws”

Jackson White Attorneys at Law, Home

Statistics Canada, “Study: Experimental Estimates of Cannabis Consumption in Canada, 1960 to 2015”


This is a guest post by Liz Coyle. This post has been edited for syntax and grammar.  The Law offices of Jay Leiderman is not responsible for the accuracy of the content herein or any opinions or ideas expressed herein.  This post is for entertainment and literary value and is not intended as legal advice.  This post does not establish an attorney-client relationship of any sort.  If you have legal questions about ideas presented herein please contact a lawyer knowledgeable in this field of practice.



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Cannabidiol, (or CBD, as it is commonly known) is a naturally occurring cannabinoid constituent of cannabis, also known as marijuana.  CBD in it’s various forms, including CBD oil, is fast outshining tetrahydrocannabinol, or THC, in becoming the focal point of scientific attention. CBD, unlike THC, is one of the many non-psychoactive cannabinoids found in cannabis plants. It doesn’t make anybody stoned and, as it turns out, CBD has a horde of medicinal qualities. Some research proves CBD safe and unmistakably effective at treating a range of health conditions.  More research is underway and has shown many positive results.


Is CBD Oil Legal in all 50 states?


Understanding CBD Laws


Despite the fact that CBD or CBD Oil does not impair mental function, it remains an illegal substance under federal marijuana laws. According to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, cannabis and all its constituent cannabinoids are Schedule I drugs under the Controlled Substances Act of 1970, which means cannabis is considered a substance with no medical value and a high potential for abuse. Even though a ton of medical evidence says otherwise, cannabis shares company with LSD and heroin.


Science shows CBD is safe. In fact, it proves cannabis plants have myriad medical benefits. Regardless of the evidence, until the federal government either decriminalizes marijuana or reclassifies it nationwide, CBD remains illegal on a Federal level. Earlier this year, an Indiana man was arrested and faced jail time and a $1,000 fine for carrying CBD oil, which the state’s legislature legalized a month prior. Because of this, the court summarily dismissed his case.


Not everyone is so lucky, however. CBD is only legal in those states that have otherwise legalized cannabis, whether for medicinal or recreational purposes, or both. At the national level and in states that have yet to join the movement, you can still face criminal charges and punitive fines for simple possession of marijuana or any of its extracts.   You may also suffer the long-term consequences of having a criminal record.


Current CBD Hype


Media is abuzz about CBD. New studies, new discoveries, new therapeutic uses, and new medical properties are near daily news. Pot advocates have been hailing this cannabinoid for its ability to fight pain, anxiety, depression, seizures, muscular spasms, and a myriad of other issues. CBD is the latest “it” drug, what Quartzy called a “rapidly rising star for its capacity to deliver mental and physical benefits.” From insomnia to epileptic seizures, CBD is fast becoming the go-to solution for health.


However, contrary to the underlying and subtle implication in much of these articles, CBD is not “legal in all 50 states.” If it were, why would people still be facing criminal charges just for having it in their possession? Why would law enforcement officers still be raiding shops that sell it, and why would any state legislature decide on its own to legalize CBD products? None of this would happen if it were legal.


Many publications claim that provided the CBD oil contains less than 0.3 percent THC, federal law classifies it as hemp, making it legal to both have and distribute. The 2014 Farm Bill is oft-cited evidence of the legality of hemp-derived CBD. However, the bill itself only very narrowly legalizes a set of growing activities for hemp. It remains hugely restrictive to just about everybody, even scientific researchers.


It is possible to grow hemp legally, but only if you are growing it under a state pilot program and cultivating it for scientific study. You can also grow legally under state law, specifically “in which such institution of higher education or state department of agriculture is located and such research occurs.” Certainly, some cultivators are operating under the Farm Bill and supplying a few CBD companies.


However, considering how well stocked CBD products are, few come from research hemp. Furthermore, state marijuana laws differ greatly, especially on hemp and CBD. Colorado has a comprehensive industrial hemp program. It is also home to the first ever U.S.-bred certified hemp seed. Strangely, in Massachusetts, where you can grow pot at home, you still need a state license to grow hemp.


Federal Reform


In August, 2018, Republican Senator Mitch McConnell announced the introduction of a bill to legalize industrial hemp nationally, at the federal level. Until that progresses, the DEA insists that CBD is undoubtedly still illegal. A spokesperson for the agency warned that those violating federal drug law are at “risk of arrest and prosecution.” However, the DEA did note that the agency was not after CBD offenders. Targeting people for treating themselves could be seen as the epitomization of human rights violations by the state.

cannabis plants have myriad medical benefits


In talking to an Indiana newspaper, Rusty Payne, DEA spokesperson, said, “It would not be an appropriate use of federal resources to go after a mother because her child has epileptic seizures and has found something that can help and has helped. Are they breaking the law? Yes, they are. Are we going to break her door down? Absolutely not. And I do not think she will be charged by any U.S. Attorney.” Public opinion is powerful. Experts predict that federal marijuana laws will change soon.


Final Thoughts


It would be a mistake to assume CBD legal in all 50 states. There is also the issue of HIA vs. DEA; a lawsuit filed by a hemp trade association that challenges the agency’s Schedule I classification of CBD. Earlier this year, federal judges at the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals listened to the case and dismissed it, but at some point one of these lawsuits will succeed.


Regardless of what you hear or read in publications today, just remember that despite its wide availability in some states, CBD oil is not legal in all of them. The law is in flux in many states and can be very murky, especially since it contradicts federal laws. Make sure CBD is legal in your state before you buy it and do not carry it across state or national lines.  It is always best to consult with an attorney knowledgeable in this area.


Author Bio: Camilla Morgan is a blogger by profession with 5 years of experience. She is associated with CBD Safe and selling pure Cannabidiol & Best CBD oil products in the USA. She likes to share innovative ideas with others concerning the Wellness of Mind and Body.


This is a guest post by Camilla Morgan. This post has been edited for syntax and grammar.  The Law offices of Jay Leiderman is not responsible for the accuracy of the content herein or any opinions or ideas expressed herein.  This post is for entertainment and literary value and is not intended as legal advice.  This post does not establish an attorney-client relationship of any sort.  If you have legal questions about ideas presented herein please contact a lawyer knowledgeable in this field of practice.

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There are many people that enjoy the healing benefits of CBD- whether in the form of CBD oil micro dosages, CBD topical or just regular bud- and there is a growing trend in people enjoying CBD edibles, more specifically CBD gummies.


The most common CBD gummies are usually made using CBD isolates. Researchers are still discovering how effective these cannabinoid isolates are as opposed to full-spectrum products that contain the full range of inherent cannabinoids.


CBD Gummies


What Does CBD Do?

While you may have heard of CBD, you may not yet know what that actually means. CBD is cannabidiol- a cannabinoid found abundantly in the cannabis plant. You may well also have heard of another common cannabinoid: THC. THC is the primary psychoactive cannabinoid that is found in marijuana products. One key difference between these two is that CBD has no psychoactive properties. In other words, CBD does not get you high.  THC and CBD work together as a formidable team, and there is argument that isolating CBD reduces the cannabinoid’s effectiveness. However, this allowed CBD products to infiltrate the retail markets much more readily than THC and whole-spectrum products.


According to users, CBD assists people that are suffering from a variety of illnesses and ailments. These reports include:

  • Children with epilepsy
  • Inflammatory diseases, symptoms, and conditions
  • Insomnia
  • Anxiety
  • Chronic pain
  • Schizophrenia
  • Eczema and other skin conditions
  • Nausea


Although some users report that the side effects can include drowsiness, this pales in comparison to the side effects sometimes experienced by those who ingest THC and many prescription or over the counter medicines. However, it must be said that it is possible to experience the benefits of THC by simple responsible use and microdosing techniques.



What Exactly Are CBD Gummies?


Many are beginning to take CBD gummies as a daily supplement, which is also related to the more recent microdosing trend. Depending on the ingredients that make up the gummy itself, this can be an enjoyable treat for parents that want to administer CBD as a health supplement to children or even to pets.


These ‘sweets’ are usually organic however always do your research on the particular CBD gummy brand that you are buying. Look for an edible that is made with largely natural and organic ingredients and then infused with high grade, organic CBD.


Take a look at the following benefits of CBD Gummies:


  1. Treat Chronic Pain

Many people across all walks of life, all ages and all professions are turning to CBD as a sustainable way to manage chronic pain. In a recent announcement by the DEA, the quota for producing pills is decreasing for the third straight year as a part of addressing the current Opioid Crisis in America. Every year, thousands of American’s die from an overdose of opioids – – and not just heroin. A large percentage of these deaths are from prescription pain relievers.  There is even some emerging anecotal evidence that CBD can be effective in breaking opium addiction.  As opioid production goes down, CBD production and use will rise in that it is seen as a safe and sane alternative.


If you are considering making the switch from prescription pain relievers to CBD and the only thing stopping you are the potential side effects of CBD- just take a look at the side effects of your prescription pain relievers.  All types of people, from veterans to professional athletes self-medicate with CBD to assist with chronic pain.  Of course, it is always best to talk to your doctor or another trusted health professional before changing medicines and starting a new regimen of medication.  This is true of CBD notwithstanding the fact that it is an herbal supplement.  Indeed, it is always best to get medical advice when starting any herbal regimen.


Additionally, by taking the CBD in the form of a CBD gummy you can use the microdose method. By introducing your system to small amounts of CBD on a daily basis, you can maximize the health benefits without the side effects.


Always talk to a trusted health care professional before using CBD to treat any symptom, especially if you currently taking medication.  So called “medical marijuana” may have tremendous benefits not offered by other medications.


  1. Help To Get Some Decent Sleep

CBD can be helpful in treating an anxious mind that could be preventing you from getting sleep. Besides an anxious mind, many physical ailments can keep you up at night. CBD has also exhibited the ability to assist in relieving chronic pain, which can prevent a patient from being able to sleep. While CBD has not exhibited any effect on the ‘sleep-wake’ cycle, whether positive or negative, it has shown significant promise in the reduction of anxiety.


Be aware when using cannabis products for the first time, as some users have experienced the inability to sleep efficiently after consumption. This is particularly true for products containing THC.  As the medical saying goes: start low and go slow.  This means start with a small dose, see how you tolerate that, and build up to a “regular” dose slowly.


  1. Inflammation

CBD is used by many specifically for its anti-inflammatory properties. Many studies have been performed on these properties. The common results have shown that the CBD cannabinoid shows effectiveness in reducing inflammation through the interaction between the endocannabinoid system and the cannabinoids.


There are studies ongoing to determine if whole spectrum cannabis products are necessary for these anti-inflammatory results and that the isolated CBD cannabinoid does not have the same efficiency on its own. While the relationship between the cannabinoids are still being studied, there are studies that show CBD does have a direct correlation to reducing inflammation, whereas THC has not exhibited the same ability.


If you are living in a state where it is lawful, you may wish to use whole spectrum CBD products or products that contain THC as well.


  1. Ease Your Anxiety

Certain studies performed on animals as well as volunteers have shown promising results with using CBD to treat anxiety. Studies have also shown that CBD can be helpful for those that suffer from social anxiety disorder.


However, there have also been studies performed that indicated no change in behavior after the administration of CBD.


Despite evidence supporting both sides there is an increasing number of patients using CBD products to assist in managing anxiety disorders.


  1. Support Your Immune System

CBD has demonstrated abilities to communicate with the human body’s endocannabinoid system and modulate the systems therein. Research is still ongoing to determine the exact influence that CBD and other cannabinoids have on the immune system. Additionally, autoimmune diseases are often caused by underlying weak immune systems. If CBD does prove to be beneficial in supporting the immune system, this could be further beneficial for those that are battling with autoimmune diseases.


  1. Increase Your Performance And Recovery

Whether you are a professional athlete or simply someone that is trying to stay active and healthy, CBD could be beneficial for your sports performance and, perhaps more importantly, your post-performance recovery.

CBD can be beneficial for your performance in the following ways:

  • Increase your focus
  • Decrease anxiety
  • Reduce both mental and physical fatigue


  1. Improve Cognitive Performance

According to a published report on the NCBI, CBD does improve the cognition in a variety of different models. The study included cases of schizophrenia, Alzheimer ’s disease, meningitis, cerebral malaria and other neuroinflammatory diseases, and also neurological disorders.


The study concluded that while more clinical studies are required, CBD does “restore cognition in multiple studies of impairment.”


Dosage for CBD

The recommended dosage for CBD edibles depends largely on the amount of CBD within the product. Always check the cannabinoid concentration. The candies are commonly found with the following CBD concentration:


  • 15mg (best for those looking for a low dose)
  • 15mg
  • 25mg


It is advised that you talk to a trusted health care provider before you begin using any health supplement, including CBD. It is imperative that you discover which types of cannabis products would be the most beneficial.  Usually the best person to speak with is your long-term doctor.


Whether you are looking for a full spectrum product containing CBD as well as THC or you are seeking a simple CBD isolate product, always source quality products with third party laboratory results available.


This is a guest post by Camilla Morgan. This post has been edited for syntax and grammar.  The Law offices of Jay Leiderman is not responsible for the accuracy of the content herein or any opinions or ideas expressed herein.  This post is for entertainment and literary value and is not intended as legal advice.  This post does not establish an attorney-client relationship of any sort.  If you have legal questions about ideas presented herein please contact a lawyer knowledgeable in this field of practice.

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We now live in a world where many victims of sexual assault are no longer afraid to accuse perpetrators and file charges against them. While this is a welcome development for those who were really sexually assaulted, it poses a problem for people who have been wrongfully accused of such a crime.

As with other crimes, some allegations of sexual assault are true, while others are false. If you find yourself at the receiving end of the latter, then you are in a nightmare scenario that could have devastating consequences on your life.

So what do you do if someone falsely accuses you of sexual assault?

Acknowledge the false accusation and deal with it

It’s likely that some people accused of sexual assault don’t do anything about it because they know deep down that they never committed any crime. That is one big mistake because even false accusations can get you in trouble legally. Never disregard false allegations of sexual assault. Instead, you must prepare to defend yourself on all legal fronts.

False Allegation

Secure legal representation

Of course, defending yourself in a criminal case means getting the services of a skilled and experienced criminal defense attorney. While you can opt to represent yourself, it is not advisable. A criminal defense lawyer is better-equipped to assess your case and find the best legal options available that will boost your chances of securing a result that is most favorable to you.

Establish a detailed timeline

Whatever you can remember about your interactions with the accuser, put them in writing so you can build a timeline that can help disprove the allegations. Don’t leave out any information as even the tiniest detail could prove to be crucial to your case.

Read up on the law

It’s good to have a competent defense attorney representing you through all the stages of the legal process. However, it would be even better if you educate yourself on the laws under which you’re being sued.

If you have access to law books, then good for you. The Internet is also teeming with resources that can teach you a thing or two about the criminal offense you’re being accused of or how the legal system works. It would be smart to brush up on your basic constitutional rights as well.

As with other crimes, some allegations of sexual assault are true, while others are false

Have experts back you up

The opinion of an expert on a given field matters in court, so if you want an airtight defense with little to no margin for error, then you must seek the help of experts in fields that are relevant to your case. Investigators, psychologists, and medical practitioners are just some of the professionals who can provide honest and objective opinions that might exonerate you.

Create a list of potential witnesses

Write down the names of people who might be able to provide testimony that will show you didn’t commit sexual assault. If you can include their addresses and contact information, the better.

It’s tough being accused of sexual assault these days, but if you’re innocent and you have a highly-skilled criminal defense attorney by your side, the likelihood of getting a positive result for yourself will be higher.


This is a guest post by Brittney Sullivan. This post has been edited for syntax and grammar.  The Law offices of Jay Leiderman is not responsible for the accuracy of the content herein or any opinions or ideas expressed herein.  This post is for entertainment and literary value and is not intended as legal advice.  This post does not establish an attorney-client relationship of any sort.  If you have legal questions about ideas presented herein please contact a lawyer knowledgeable in this field of practice.

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